Castle of the Mazovian princes in Czersk
A group of three motorcyclists visited the cool castle in Czersk.
Castle of the Mazovian princes in Czersk – a Gothic castle built at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries in the town of Czersk near Góra Kalwaria (Masovian Voivodeship).
In the 11th century, at the place of today’s castle, there was a wooden and earth castle with room structure, which was built during the reign of Bolesław Śmiał or Władysław Herman. This stronghold was the main administrative center of the Czersk principality. In 1224, Piotr Pilch was mentioned in the sources of Czersk Castellan. On April 27, 1245, the Poznań bishop Bogufał II, in the presence of Konrad II and his sons, consecrated the wooden church of St. Peter. In 1229, Prince Konrad of Masovia imprisoned Prince Henry the Bearded in the town. He released him the same year after the intervention of Princess Jadwiga from Silesia and after Henry’s consent to waive his claims to Lesser Poland. In 1239 Konrad imprisoned Bolesław the Chaste in the city. Before 1406 a stone chapel of St. Peter. The document from prince Kazimierz I Trojdenowicz from 1350 mentions the obligation of episcopal villages to build rooms on the Czersk stronghold damaged during the Lithuanian invasion. In the fourteenth century, the Mazovian prince Janusz I ordered a brick castle to be built in the place of the outdated castle, which was built in the years 1388 – 1410. It was one of the most important residences of prince Janusz I, who died at this castle on December 8, 1429.
When these areas were annexed to the Kingdom of Poland in 1526, the castle became royal property. Cylindrical towers were added during this period. From 1547, the castle was subject to Queen Bona, who ordered the wooden building of the courtyard to be replaced with a stone one. Then the so-called Bona residence, i.e. a palace measuring 10 x 30 meters, called the court of Feliks Parys or the Great House mentioned in 1549, as well as the South House.
During the Swedish Deluge in 1656, the castle in Czersk suffered a serious damage. The Swedish army, after suffering a defeat from Stefan Czarniecki at Warka, retreated, seized the castle and seriously devastated it.
In the years 1762–1766 the Czersk staroste the Grand Marshal of the Crown Franciszek Bieliński attempted to renovate the castle (then a bridge was built over the moat) in order to place a town and land court from the archive. However, after the Third Partition of Poland and the take-over of Czersk by Prussians, the walls were partially demolished. The castle has been ruined since then. In the years 1907-1911, the Society for the Protection of Historical Monuments financed the first conservation works carried out by Kazimierz Skórewicz. In 1915, during World War I, the castle was damaged during German-Russian fights. In 1927, research was undertaken, thanks to which the foundations of the church of St. Peter. Currently, the castle is open to the public.